Fortran is in the top 20 programming languages instead of Objective-C
The Fortran programming language, created in 1957 by IBM specialists, was ranked 20th in the TIOBE ranking. In the summer of last year, he took the last, 50th place. At the same time, Fortran is ahead of Objective-C and Rust in the list.
The TIOBE rating is formed on the basis of search results for information about languages on popular resources, including Wikipedia and YouTube, as well as on the basis of search queries.
For the entire period of the rating's existence since 2003, Fortran has not risen in it above the 10th place. Since 2002, the popularity of the language has declined.
Fortran is currently used in engineering computing. The most current version is Fortran 2018.
The authors of the TIOBE rating commented on the rise in popularity of one of the first programming languages: “This dinosaur returned to the top 20 after more than 10 years. Fortran was the first commercial programming language and is gaining popularity due to the huge demand for scientific computing. "
Meanwhile, Objective-C, the programming language for developing apps for iOS and macOS, dropped out of the top 20 and ended up in 23rd place. Seven years ago, Apple introduced an alternative in the form of Swift, but Objective-C continued to stay at the top. It was ranked third in 2014 when Swift came out. The latter, meanwhile, dropped from 11th to 15th position in the index.
2020 saw a surge in demand for developers who write code in another ancient language, COBOL. This was due to the fact that the pandemic provoked an increase in unemployment, and COBOL is used in the US in the employment system, which required updating and optimization. In addition, the code is widely used in the operation of financial systems. IBM even offered free COBOL training courses to programmers.
COBOL was developed in 1959. At the end of July 2020, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) published its ranking of programming languages, in which this language took 43rd place, and Fortran 47th. In the current ranking, TIOBE COBOL is in 24th place.